Pyrenees Vines were first planted in this region in 1848, and after 150 years of fitful development the Pyrenees has finally assumed its proper role as an important producer of full-bodied red wines based on Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz. Chardonnay also does well; producing wines of considerable complexity and is joined by Sauvignon Blanc in cooler vintages.

The name of the region suggests dramatic mountains whereas, in fact, there are modest slopes and gentle, discrete valleys and sub-valleys. It is a picturesque area, with many differing vistas. The altitude of the vineyards varies from 666 to 1509 feet.

The net result of a series of countervailing influences is a temperate climate ideally suited to the production of full-bodied dry red wines. While its inland location gives rise to low midsummer relative humidity and to substantial diurnal temperature ranges in spring and early summer, late summer peak temperatures are lower than one would expect. This, in turn, is reflected in the region's lower than expected heat summation. Sunshine hours are generous; growing season rainfall is, however, limited, making irrigation all but essential. White and sparkling wines now contribute to the reputation of the region. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), research has highlighted that microclimates do exist in the Pyrenees and that the south, which is temperate to cool, is in fact, only marginally warmer than Coonawarra.