Basque Country

Álava Álava is a province of Spain and a historical territory of the Basque Country, heir of the ancient Lord of Álava. Its capital city is Vitoria-Gasteiz which is also the capital of the autonomous community. It borders the Basque provinces of Biscay and Gipuzkoa to the north, the community of La Rioja to the south, the province of Burgos (in the community of Castile and León) to the west and the community of Navarre to the east. The Enclave of Treviño is part of the province of Burgos, not Álava.

Txakoli is a special wine always connected to the Basque people and strongly linked so far to the coast. So has a long tradition in Guipúzcoa, Vizcaya and Álava County Ayala. Currently txakoli vineyard is established in the three provinces, but with little quantitative significance in relation to the wine of the Rioja region. Specifically, the production of txakoli vineyard covers a total of 700 hectares.

The first written records show that already found in the ninth century the production of txakoli in Álava was common and widespread practice among farmers in the Valley of Ayala particularly in Amurrio, Llodio and Ayala. In the cartulary of Valpuesta is a reference in 864 vineyards in Retes of Tudela (Artziniega) under the reign of King Asturian Ordoño I, also in the cartulary of San Millán de la Cogolla, written references that appear in the year 964 grown in Ayala Land vines for wine making, and specifically is a donation of vineyards dated to the late monastery of St. Victor Gardea neighborhood of Llodio.

In the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, txakoli planting vineyards spread throughout the geography of the region of Ayala under a highly protectionist ordinances that prevented the entry of wine from out until it had consumed itself. Thus we can find the file Arespalditza which is the first appearance of the word chacolín in municipal archives of the Basque Country November 1, 1623.